How to Become a Doctor in India | Steps by step guide to become a doctor

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How to Become a Doctor in India: Are you a student and want to know how to become a doctor in India then you are at the right place. In this article we will tell you the steps to become a doctor in India. 

This complete guide will help you to understand the complete process that is must to become a doctor. What to do after 10th class, which stream to choose, what to study, where to study. 

And after 12th class what are the exams to appear to get admission in medical college, how to appear that exam, how to prepare for that etc. we will tell you each and everything that you should do to become a doctor in India. 

The student who aims to become a doctor for that student when he completes his 10th class, at that time the process starts to become a doctor.

Profession of a doctor is the most respected profession in the world. No matter where you work, you as a doctor, live a life of dignity and respect.

First step is to clear NEET exam, an entrance exam to get admission in medical college to become a doctor in India as MBBS  

Contents show

How to become a doctor in India after 10th class

how to become a doctor after 10th

When you are studying in the 10th standard then you have to focus on all your subjects. But in special you must study your science subject in depth because this is the basic. 

You also must have studied your 9th standard science books in the depth.

You should make notes on important topics. In fact the process starts from the 9th standard.

No matter which board you are studying, state board or CBSE or any other you should follow the same steps.

What to do after 10th class to become a doctor

At the time when you have given your 10th standard exam and are waiting for the result, you should be aware that you have to get admission in science stream in the reputed school.

At that time you should have the answer of how to become a doctor in India by searching or asking to someone.

You should select your higher school for 11th class. At the time when you are doing nothing you can study some old books of your friend of class 11th. Mainly there are three books.

Physics, chemistry and biology. These three books are very important in aiming to crack the entrance exam for admission in medical college.

Basics of each subject are very important because to become a doctor you must have the knowledge  of basics.

You should fully utilize your free time because your aim is to become a doctor in India and you have to make extra efforts to get a good medical college easily. 

Study plan during 11th and 12th class to crack the NEET entrance exam for becoming doctor in India

how to prepare for becoming a doctor

Students who want an answer on how to become a doctor in India after Class 12 must have to focus on their prime studies during higher studies.

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The qualification requirements to become a doctor is that the aspirants must have to qualify their class 11 and 12 with compulsory science subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology.

When you get admission in 11th standard at this time along with your regular study you have to make some extra efforts.

Firstly, get the syllabus and pattern of the entrance exam that you have to appear in 12th class. According to that pattern you have to study those. You can join a coaching center also.

Now as you clears 11th and goes in 12th class follow the same process that that you were following in 11th. 

Make your good time table and prepare for 12th as well as the entrance exam.

Compulsory Subjects – Candidates qualifying the class 12th examination must individually pass in the Physics, Chemistry and Biology along with English as a compulsory language.

How to become a doctor in India after 12th

Requirements to become a doctor in India

Minimum Score Requirements – Candidates belonging to general category will have to obtain a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in PCB. 

Age Criteria – Candidates must attain a minimum of 17 years. Also, candidates must not cross an upper age of 25 years for admission to M.B.B.S. in India

Nationality – Indian Nationals, Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), Overseas Citizen of India (OCI), Persons with Indian Origin (PIO) and Foreign Nationals are eligible for M.B.B.S. degree in India. However, candidates must confirm the eligibility criteria of specific colleges

Admission Criteria – Candidates will have to qualify NEET UG conducted by NTA in order to enroll into an M.B.B.S. degree course in India.

What is NEET Entrance exam to become a doctor in India

neet exam to become a doctor

As NEET is a single common entrance exam, it is mandatory for applicants to Know all about NEET. National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts NEET which is conducted once a year in offline mode.  

To pursue any of the medical degrees and become a doctor in India candidates will have to pass a common medical entrance test i.e. NEET exam.

How to prepare for medical entrance test (NEET) for becoming a doctor

Follow the steps that are elaborated above. Following those strategies you can easily crack NEET exam.

Under the ambit of National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) all UG medical admission for All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) will be granted.

Score well and participate in NEET counselling to become a doctor in India

It is known to all that the better colleges you study the more you experience. To become a doctor you need to score well in the NTA NEET medical exam and grab a seat in the best medical colleges.

However, it does not matter from which college you are studying what matters is, how much medical knowledge you are gathering to become a doctor.

Admission in all medical colleges will be granted on the basis of NEET scores only. So, it is mandatory for future medicos to score well and participate in the counselling for admission.

In the process of becoming a doctor, participating in counselling of NEET is one of the most important steps.

It is important because only by going through this counselling process, applicants will be granted admission to MBBS, BAMS, BSMS, BUMS, BHMS courses to further become a doctor.

NEET counseling process is conducted at two levels i.e. All India Quota (AIQ) and State wise. 

What are the courses to become a doctor after 12th?

Candidates can go through the list of the following courses which they can opt to research more and gather vast knowledge in that particular course that help them to become a doctor in that particular specialty.

How to become a mbbs doctor in india

  • MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery)
  • BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
  • BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)
  • BHMS(Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
  • BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery)
  • BSMS (Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery)
  • BVSC & AH (Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry)

Complete your rotary internship to become a doctor

Candidates are required to study hard and complete the medical degree in a minimum duration of five and half years.

While completing the period of medical degree they will be able to get more theoretical and research based knowledge which will help them to become a good doctor and serve the society.

As per the Medical Council of India (MCI) to become a doctor, candidates have to go through the Compulsory Rotatory Residential Internship (CRRI) which refers to one year compulsory work in the hospital attached to the medical college or in any other approved hospital as allowed in some medical colleges.

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How to become doctor in India and Get registered under MCI or State Medical Council (SMC)

Aspirants who want to become a doctor in India must have to get a registration certificate from MCI.

Getting the registration certificate from the recognized board is the last step after which a candidate will be known as a doctor and you can practice your further medicine.

After successfully getting a registration certificate, one has become a doctor and can give prescriptions.

What are the different jobs one can pursue after becoming a doctor?

Candidates can go through the list of courses on which they can know which specialized doctors they can become and on the basis of which they practice their further medicine in that particular specialty.

Courses and their and their respective jobs

Courses Doctors specialization
MBBS Medical doctor
BDS Dentist
BAMS Ayurvedic doctor
BHMS Homeopathic doctor
BUMS Unani doctor
BVSC & AH Veterinary doctor
BSMS Siddha doctor


How to become a MBBS or Medical doctor?

Candidates who are thinking of becoming a medical doctor must have to complete their undergraduate degree with MBBS as the course.

To be granted admission in MBBS course through NEET exam, applicants must have to try very hard and do lots of research and theoretical knowledge.

Candidates must have to qualify the NEET cutoff to get admission in medical colleges in the MBBS courses. On the basis of your marks, after getting admission in MBBS courses of any of the colleges of the nation, the path of becoming a medical doctor will become much easier.

The total duration of MBBS course is five and a half years, apart from this, one year internship is also required. Internships involve students in many of the required activities.

Apart from standard clinical care, students are taught intensively about ward management, staff management and counseling skills etc. While taking admission in MBBS courses, it is also very important to know the MBBS Course Fees.

Specializations Course after MBBS

Approximately 12,000 doctors complete post graduation in India (per year). The total applications are over 40,000 for PG admissions every year. After completing your MBBS, you must pursue a Masters course 

NEET PG is the main entrance examination to the MD/MS and PG Diploma courses.

Difference between MD and MS

MD is the Master’s program in Medicine and MS is for Masters in Surgery. After completing MS, a person becomes a surgeon while the one who takes up MD is a physician.

Specializations in MD and DM 

  • Obstetrics & Gynaecology
  • Orthopaedics
  • Neurology (DM) and Anaesthesiology
  • Cardiology (DM not MD)
  • Endocrinology (DM)
  • Gynaecology
  • Paediatric
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology etc.

Specializations in M.Ch 

  • Paediatric Surgery (M.Ch not MS)
  • Plastic surgery M.Ch
  • Cardio-thoracic surgery
  • Urology
  • Cardiac surgery
  • Cosmetic surgery etc.

How to become a BDS or Dental doctor?

How to become a bds doctor in india

It must be noted that a BDS graduate is termed as a dental surgeon not the doctor but they can use doctor in front of their name.

As dentists are not prevented from using a doctor entirely. Candidates who want to become a dental doctor should take a BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) course in their undergraduation. BDS is the course that offers degrees in Dental Sciences.

The total duration of the BDS course is four years, apart from this, one year internship is also required. The Master of Dental Surgery is a postgraduate dentistry course.

How to become a BAMS or Ayurvedic doctor?

Aspirants who want to become a doctor in Ayurveda, can take admission in BAMS course through NEET-UG exam. This course is offered in many government, semi-government and private colleges.

Its total duration is five and a half years, including a one-year internship. The BAMS course provides comprehensive knowledge about ‘Ashtanga Ayurveda’ with extensive practical training as well as scientific advancements in modern medicine. the BAMS course can help you become a well known doctor.

After completion of the BAMS degree, the student will be given the title of ‘Ayurvedacharya’ and they can start prescribing people related to Ayurveda things.

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How to become a BHMS or Homeopathic doctor?

BHMS is a bachelor’s degree offered in homeopathic education in India. The process of admission to BHMS is regulated by the Central Council of Homeopathy (CCIH) under the Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India.

The course duration of BHMS is five and a half years which includes one year internship. At BHMS, the student acquires knowledge on homeopathy medicine and surgery.

Although allopathic medicine gets more importance globally, homeopathic medicine is considered a panacea to overcome many types of painful diseases.

Therefore, becoming a homeopathic doctor can take your career to great heights.

How to become a BUMS or Unani doctor?

Medical aspirants wishing to pursue a career in the medical field other than medical or dental doctor can opt for becoming a Unani doctor.

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BUMS is an undergraduate medical degree offered in the field of Unani medicine and surgery.

With 4.5 years of academic session and one year of compulsory rotatory internship, the duration of completing the BUMS course is five and a half years.

Under this program, various subjects like Anatomy, Toxicology, Yoga, Physiology, Pathology etc. are taught which have gained popularity in recent times.

Students can also apply for post-graduation after completing their undergraduate degree of BUMS.

Since they get the degree of Doctor (Hakim), they can be appointed as Medical Officers in State and Central Government Hospitals like CGHS, MCD, Primary Health Centers, Dispensaries.

In addition, they can also become medical practitioners in their private clinics, polyclinics or nursing homes.

How to become a BVSC & AH or Veterinary doctor?

how to become veterinary doctor in India

Aspirants who want to cure the illness of animals and treat them can opt for becoming a Veterinary doctor.

BVSC & AH is a five-year undergraduate course regarding veterinary sciences and animal husbandry.

While studying in this course, students also get practical experience in addition to in-depth theory and lecture-based classes, after completing which they get the title of veterinary doctor.

The duration of this course is five and a half years, with the last 6 months reserved for internships. The Bachelor of Veterinary Science deals with medical diagnostics of animal diseases and their treatment.

With increasing the people’s love towards their pets or animals, the scope of BVSC & AH courses is quite high. After doing this course the chances of getting a government job are very high.

After the degree of BVSC & AH, one can become a veterinary doctor and start his own veterinary clinic as well as work with research centers to develop new drugs.

How to become a BSMS or Siddha doctor in India?

For students who aspire to become doctors, but do not get MBBS or BDS seats, BSMS brings a good chance to ‘become a doctor’.

BSMS (Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery) is an undergraduate program of the Siddha System of Medicine, which is the oldest in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy).

The duration of the BSMS course in India is 5.5 years, with 4 and a half years of classroom study while a final 1 year compulsory internship is done.

FAQ about How to become a doctor in India

What is the salary of a doctor in India? 

The Range of doctors salaries also differ from city to city. In Mumbai, the salary for doctors ranges from Rs. 25,000 to around 3 lakh per month. This variation can be due to the nature of the sector they’re working in – government or private.

Which doctor has highest salary in India?

S Natrajan is one of the highest paid doctors in the country. According to India Times, his earnings in 2006 were around Rs 45 lakh per month. That is a huge contrast comparing to a Rs 4,200 monthly salary, S Natrajan was earning while working at a Bombay Hospital.

What is the salary of MBBS doctor in AIIMS?

Doctor salary in AIIMS ranges between ₹ 0.1 Lakhs to ₹ 51 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹ 7.9 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 12 AIIMS salaries received from various employees of AIIMS.

What is the full process to become a doctor after 12th?

Full process to become a doctor in India has been described in above article. Step by step process has been described to get the answer of how to become a doctor in India.

How many years does it take to become a doctor in India after 12th?

It takes around 5.5 years to complete MBBS degree. MD degree takes 3 years.

When does a doctor start earning?

Just after the completion of MBBS degree one can start earning.

How much does it cost to become a doctor in India?

MBBS courses from a private college costs around Rs.15-40 lakhs. The management quota seats will come down to Rs.55-80 lakhs. MBBS courses from the government at a highly subsided cost range from Rs.25,000-75,000

How many years does it take to become a doctor in India after 12th

The MBBS is an undergraduate degree programme in medical field. It takes the duration of 5.5 years for the completion of the degree.

Postgraduate Medical Education in broad specialities shall be of three years duration in the case of degree course and two years in the case of Diploma course after MBBS.

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